Hydroponics comes from the Latin word or language meaning working water, “hydro” means “water” and “ponos” means “working”. It is a soil that grows less.
Hydroponics is a subtype of hydroponics (growing in an aquatic or soilless environment) and is a method of cultivation and a method for future farms.
while hydroponic gardeners require dedicated effort…
• Hydroponics saves time, automates watering, and provides the best nutrition to keep up with our gardening efforts.
• In hydroponics, our beginner’s guide to horticulture will help me plan a self-sufficient garden for our family and give me tips on how to grow vegetables from seed to harvest in hydroponics…
Let’s use your location wisely:-
In hydroponics, the benefit for the success of our gardens depends a lot on the location, since they do not have soil. The space we identify could be the balcony of our apartment or the terrace of our house. There is no need to move loads of earth or waterproof.
There is a water-saving of up to 90%, which allows the Urban Garden to take advantage of sunlight to produce healthy and high-quality vegetables.
If we want to be an option limited to a balcony that doesn’t get enough sun, our options will be limited to a few green leafy vegetables that don’t need much sun.
Planning our gardening
Deciding the size and layout of the hydroponic system depends on the space we have available. If our space is limited to a small balcony in our apartment, we can use the “NFT HYDROPONIC SYSTEM”.
These systems can be designed to fit into small spaces, allowing indoor gardening with these systems. If you have enough space like your backyard, start making a list of the vegetables your family likes.
NFT systems are suitable for growing all green leafy vegetables, herbs and small vegetables. To grow large vegetable crops, choose a Dutch tub system that offers good root space and necessary support for large plants.
Exhibition of seeds in a bowl of coconut peat and leca balls.
It is available in brick in compressed form.
For hydroponic crops, the pH and EC must be neutral.
It is mainly used in hydroponic environments.
Because it is a less expensive and recyclable medium.
It can retain approximately 88% water.
The temperature for seed germination and transplant period varies according to plant species.
The transplantation of seedlings in different hydroponic systems depends mainly on the root system of the plant, the growth pattern and the growth cycle of the plant.
NFT (Nutrient Film Technique): –
The nutrient film cultivation technique is mainly used for the cultivation of green leafy plants. In this system, a fine trickle of water (nutrient solution) flows through rectangular channels. Because the flow of nutrient solution forms a thin film at the bottom of the channels, it gives the method its name.
When you see roots at the bottom of the bucket or when the seedling produces 2 leaves, transplant into NFT channels and fertilize until plants reach harvestable size. Try to transplant seedlings in the late afternoon/evening.
The flow of nutrient solution in the channel must be continuous and the circulation pump must work 24 hours a day, since recirculation causes a drop of nutrient solution to flow from the return to the tank, the gradient also causes aeration.
Dutch dice system: –
For indoor gardening, a dutch bucket hydroponic system offers growers a way to grow large plants that require separate nutrients. In this system, we will plant large fruit and vegetable crops such as tomato, pepper, chili, melon; Herbs; large rooted plants such as turmeric, ginger, potatoes, etc.
The design of Dutch bucket systems is quite simple, with several variations of irrigation and equipment. A reservoir pump directs the nutrient solution over the buckets in a straight line. Droppers control the flow to each cuvette, with the solution flowing through the medium and then out of the cuvette.
Clay granules, coco peat, perlite, and vermiculite can be used as growing media in tubs. When granular media such as granules are used, the water can circulate between the bucket and the tank. This ensures an excellent supply of nutrients and aeration of the plant roots.
Grow bag system:-
Grow bags can be cost-effective alternatives to Dutch pails; However, they do not have as long a shelf life or durability as dice.
Any porous media such as coco peat and perlite can be used, so only a drain or drip irrigation system with grow bags is used.
Hydroponic Nutrients: –
Hydrilla offers ‘Grow’ and ‘Bloom’ formulas that contain all the macro and micronutrients necessary for plant growth. The Grow formulation is used to promote vegetative growth. We can use this nutrient for all green leafy vegetables and vegetable crops in the first few weeks to promote good leaf growth. The Bloom formula should be used from approximately the second month after transplanting for flowering plants, vegetables and fruit trees to promote the flowering and fruiting process.
Rarity of aquatic plants:-
The main cause of deficiency symptoms in plants is water hardness. Due to the hardness of the water, the roots of the plants cannot absorb the nutrients. It is important to do a water test before committing to hydroponics. Water that has too much calcium and magnesium (referred to as “total hardness”) can cause serious problems. Contact your municipal water company, which can provide you with an analysis of your water supply. (Use only osmosis water).
Protection of plants in hydroponics:-• Vegetables are attacked by a variety of pests and diseases, but the severity can vary from place to place. Insects and diseases can cause great damage to our crops if precautions are not taken before these pests reach our garden. Select good disease-resistant seed varieties to plant.
Combat pests and diseases naturally/organically:-• Use yellow and blue sticky traps for early detection of pests and diseases.
Remove dry, infested plant parts.
Neem oil extract
Low strength alcohol spray
Herbal water spray
Harvest in optimal quality: –
The quality of our vegetables cannot be improved after harvest. Therefore, it is important to harvest our plants at the correct stage of maturity. For example, tomatoes should be picked when they are turning orange and red, but when the temperature is high, pick them a little earlier and let them ripen at a slightly lower temperature.
To maintain quality after harvest, handle vegetables with care. Avoid bruising or damage, as wounds promote cavities.