Insects are organic matter that often reduces the yield and quality of a plant or crop. However, those who work with hydroponics often face the same risk of pest infestation compared to an outdoor garden. However, you need to stay strong and alert while protecting your plants from pests as large numbers of insects regularly invade hydroponic plants and grow rooms.
While going hydroponic, it is best to be careful as the attack can quickly remove all the hard work done in your garden. Here are some ways in which you can protect plants and control hydroponics to keep your garden thriving and healthy.
Flies are 1mm – 3mm small powdery mildew insects that often suck milk from the veins of the leaves in both the nymph (wingless) and adult (winged) segments. Despite their size, flies are easily spotted but it is difficult to kill them as they fly right away when you try to catch one. White flies lurk beneath old leaves, and during weaning, they release a sweet liquid (honey) that provides an ideal environment for the growth of sooty fungi. Common symptoms of plant flies include leaf dryness, leaf blight and leaf blight, white leaf spots, stiffness and dryness of new shoots, and uneven fruit ripening.
Solutions to get rid of white flies
- Spray enough pesticides under the stems and leave there a collection of nymphs.
- They lure and catch adults near plants by placing sticky traps.
- Spray Neem oil to destroy the growth of white flies and food patterns.
- Spray regularly on plants and leaves to prevent wasps from turning into adults.
Aphids are soft parasites that are also known as plant lice. They can be in a variety of colors including yellow, black, green, gray, or pink. Small parasites are small in size from 1mm – 4mm and are located near the stems of the plant. Aphids are tested by depressed or weak plants and plants with high nitrogen content in their diet. Unlike Whiteflies, aphids absorb milk from young plant stems, leaf litter, flower petals and sticky honeydew, attracting ants to turn yellow and weaken.
The aphids are divided into wings and have no wings, and some are very harmful to plants but shorten plant life so much that their leaves begin to twist and twist. Normally, aphids congregate near the stems but still, they can be found anywhere on the plant and weaken it completely. In addition, aphids are responsible for transmitting viral infections such as wilt of broad beans from one plant to another. If it is found on a plant or leaf, take immediate steps to get rid of the aphids as they can reproduce quickly.
Solutions to eliminate Aphids
- Grow plants with organic food and avoid artificial nitrogen plant extracts.
- Wash the water in the plants after a regular time to remove the aphids.
- Use pesticide soap to limit the growth of aphids.
Spider larvae are common insects found in indoor gardens much smaller than flies, measuring less than 1mm. The tiny spider-shaped bugs are considered to be the most dangerous insects in the hydroponic system as they can be neglected and even damage your plants. Spider mites are arachnids the size of a pinhead only and are widely hated for their invasion.
Spider larvae can vary in color as the nymphs are green or yellow, while the adult ones are red, green, or yellow. Their dietary pattern includes the absorption of juices from the stem leading to plant weakness. One can see spider attacks in three different ways – the first is to look at the beautiful webbing of new shoots and leaves. Second, if a yellow spot appears on the leaves, it is a clear sign of being attacked by Spider mites. Third, gently wipe the underside of the leaves with the help of tissues, and if the spider mite blood clots appear on the skin, then it is a clear sign of being attacked by spider mites.
Solutions to eliminate Spider Mites
- Keep a stable humidity close to 50 percent as possible as it is suitable for plants and kills spider larvae.
- Do not keep the area dry and keep moistening the plants after a while.
- Use Pyrethrin, a natural component of chrysanthemums that repel spider mites and other bedbugs by disabling and eliminating food at all stages.
- If you see spider larvae on any plant, separate the plant immediately to prevent larvae from infesting other plants.
Today in this article I tell you about HOW CAN YOU CONTROL HYDROPONIC FACTORS? EFFECTS AND REMEDIES, what did you learn?